Les événements

Les troubles à Caraquet

The Caraquet Riots


Document 32

Daily News, 27 janvier 1875

No Further Demonstration at Caraquet.

Sheriff Vail and His Assistants arrest some of the Ring-leaders.

Special Despatch to Daily News.

CARAQUET, Jan. 26.

Sheriff Vail arrived here at two o'clock, a.m., and soon after started out with eight men and arrested three of the ring leaders in the late riot --Joseph Leboullier, Eloie Lantin and Gustau Lantin.

The weather is very stormy. It is almost impossible to face the storm.

The Sheriff and prisoners will have to remain here until the weather moderates.

The Sheriff will probably pick up more of the rioters before leaving.


Document 33

Daily News, le 28 janvier 1875

THE CARAQUET RIOTERS !

One of Sheriff Vail's Assistants Shot Dead.

ONE RIOTER REPORTED KILLED AND ONE WOUNDED

Special Despatches to Daily News.

CARAQUET, Jan. 27.

Twenty-two men arrived here to-day to assist Sheriff Vail to arrest the rioters.

Thirteen of the rioters were arrested.

While the party were in execution of their duty at Andrew Albert's house, one of their number--John Gifford--was killed.

One of the rioters is also reported killed and another wounded.

The Inquest on the body of poor Gifford is now being held.

All of the party in Albert's house, except one or two who escaped, were made prisoners.

Gifford was the first man shot.

SECOND DESPATCH.

CARAQUET, Jan. 27.

About twenty men arrived this morning from Chatham and Newcastle to assist Sheriff Vail in arresting rioters. Sixteen were taken prisoners. Whilst the Constables and assistants were engaged in the execution of their duty to-day at Andrew Albert's house, one of the Sheriff's party, John Gifford, was killed by the discharge of a gun in the hands of one of the rioters. There were probably eleven men in Albert's house, who were armed with guns and clubs when Deputy Sheriff Cable and party entered. No resistance was offered to the party in the house. In answer to Cable, the owner of the house, Albert, said there was no one in the house except himself and two women. Finding that there was a party of men up stairs, among whom were prominent leaders in the riot, the Constable, with Gifford and others, proceeded to ascend. When Gifford's head came above the level of the loft he was shot dead by a gun in the hands of one of the fiends. The moments poor Gifford fell the Sheriff's party made a rush on the rioters, and succeeded in arresting the whole party. It is rumored two rioters were seriously wounded. An Inquest is now being held on Gifford's body.


Document 34

Daily News, 29 janvier 1875

THE CARAQUET RIOT.

The Principals lodged in Bathurst Gaol.

Inquest on Gifford's Body

PARTICULARS OF HIS TRAGIC END

Death of Mailloux, one of the Rioters

Special Despatch to Daily News

BATHURST, Jan. 28.

The Caraquet insurrection is over and peace reigns again.

Thirteen of the principal rioters were lodged in gaol this afternoon.

The valiant army who paraded the streets and levied black mail on women and individuals slunk into corners and garrets when the Officers of Justice approached.

An inquest was held to-day on the body of Gifford who came to his death as he thrust his head through the flooring of a garret in which some of the rioters were lodged, and was shot in the head, falling dead without a word or struggle.

The rough stairs leading to the room had been taken down and the constables took away a portion of the flooring in order to reach the rioters, having to pile up furniture to do so.

After Gifford was shot there was firing on both sides for some time, in which, Mailloux and Lanteigne were shot. The former threw up his arm and fell uttering groans. He was carried home and died this morning.

The sixteen prisonners were kept in Mr. Young's house all night. No attempt being made at a rescue.

This morning the Sheriff with the posse from Bathurst started with their prisoners and arrived without molestation all safe.


Document 35

Daily News, 30 janvier 1875

The Caraquet Trouble.

What the Coroner's Inquest brings to light.

EFFECT OF COMING OF VOLUNTEERS.

Lantin surrenders : others will follow example.

Special Despatch to Daily News.

CARAQUET, Jan. 29.

There is information before Coroner's jury that the parties in Albert's house had assembled for the purpose of resisting the Constables, had armed themselves and resolved to shoot the Officers rather than surrender.

Five guns were captured.

Brigade Major McCully and fifty Volunteers are expected here to-night. When information was communicated to the rioters that the Volunteers were coming, they at once decided to surrender.

Gervie Lantin, one of the ringleaders, gave himself up to the Constables to-day. It is reported that others will do the same.

Three prisoners are just leaving for Bathurst.

The Coroner and Jury will proceed to Bathurst to-morrow, when the Inquest will close.

--------

Special to Globe.

BATHURST, Jan. 29.

Interviewed prisoners this morning. They appeared to be in good spirits, and say they did not intend to injure any property or person.

The examination commenced at 2 p.m.

All quiet at Caraquet at 1 p.m.

No further trouble expected.

Burns as reported in Morning News, was not at Caraquet.

[The Morning News did not report that Mr. Burns was at Caraquet. A correspondent, in a position which enabled him to speak with accuracy, said that Burns had left for Caraquet on the 22nd for the purpose, so it was said, of pacifying the rioters, as another uprising was threatened. -ED. News.]


Document 36

Moniteur acadien, le 4 fevrier 1875

LES TROUBLES À CARAQUET.

EFFUSION DE SANG.

Deux hommes de tués et un de blessé.

Les nouvelles de Caraquet sont de beaucoup plus sérieuses cette semaine que celles que nous avons fournies à nos lecteurs dans notre dernier numéro. Des évènements déplorables à tous les points de vue s'y sont découlés nous avons la douleur d'avoir à enregistrer une rencontre fatale entre les constables spéciaux mandés de Newcastle, comté de Northumberland et les prétendus rebelles et émeutiers de Caraquet.

Nous donnons ci-dessous les dépêches envoyées au News et relatant, avec une évidente partialité ce qui s'est passé : [...].


Document 37

Annales du Couvent de Caraquet, les 25 et 30 janvier 1875

1875

25 janvier

Depuis une quinzaine de jours, une quarantaine d'hommes de la paroisse rendent visite à ceux qui sont pour le bill d'école, et les obligent à signer un autre acte, comme quoi ils ne veulent avoir que des écoles catholiques. Ils se rendirent chez l'honorable Robert Young. Comme sa femme était seule ils lui demandèrent $4.00 qui leur fut données; de là ils se rendirent chez Mr. Blackall où ils firent un peu trop de dégats. Hier, Monsieur le Curé désapprouva les excès qui avaient été commis et nous fit la lecture d'une lettre qui n'était guère jolie à entendre. C'était une personne sans conscience et sans foi qui l'avait conçue dans son mauvais coeur de catholique; elle imposait à Mr. le Curé l'obligation d'arrêter cette bande de pirates dont il était le commandant, ajoutant que si tout cela ne finissait pas, il saurait se venger en brulant le presbytère, et autre chose. Nous comprîmes que cette autre chose était la destruction du couvent. Sans paraître craindre cette triste menace nous prîmes cependant nos précautions et nous empaquetâmes, hier soir, nos effets dans des sacs afin de pouvoir sauver quelques choses plus facilement en cas de feu. Nous nous couchâmes très inquiètes.

30 janvier

Lundi dernier, 25 janvier une dizaine de policemen arrivaient de Bathurst pour prendre les émeutiers. Voyant de la difficulté, ils demandèrent un renfort qui arriva bientôt au nombre de quarante. Alors ils commencèrent à faire des prisonniers qui se défendèrent aussi longtemps qu'ils le purent. Arrivés dans une maison où il y avait un bon nombre de Caraquet - trois émeutiers s'étaient cachés dans le grenier. Le parti protestant se mit à tirer; ils blessèrent mortellement un jeune homme nommé Louis Mailloux; en même temps un des leurs tombait frappé à mort. La chose était alors plus que sérieuse. Une vingtaine d'Acadiens furent faits prisonniers et emmenés à Bathurst.

Source:

Archives provinciales du Nouveau-Brunswick, Fonds de la Congrégation Notre-Dame, couvent de Caraquet, MC ___, microfilm, bobine F-1000, Annales, 1874-1925, entreés du 25 et du 30 janvier 1875, p. 10-11.


Document 38

The Daily Telegraph [Saint-Jean], 28 janvier 1875

The Feeling in Northumberland

WHAT THEY ARE SAYING ON THE MIRAMICHI!

(special to Daily Telegraph.)

NEWCASTLE, Jan. 27

There is great excitement here over the news that John Gifford, a young man belonging to Newcastle, was shot dead by a Frenchman at Caraquet this afternoon.

Full particulars of the sad affair are not yet received, though the general facts are stated. Gifford was a smart young man, a son of John Gifford, blacksmith. He was one of the company of special constables that left Chatham and Newcastle on Monday for the scene of riot. They arrived this morning at Caraquet.

Thirteen arrests have been made, and the prisoners are now on the way to Bathurst.

One Frenchman was shot, but not dead.

At present it is believed that before to-morrow night a detachment of fifty or sixty men, well armed, will probably be en route for Caraquet, to assist the officers of the law, if needed.

Much sympathy is expressed for the bereaved family , who, through a lawless mob of ruffians, urged on by no loss of personage than the Speaker of the Commons, by inflammatory harrangues in the Freeman on the School question, have to mourn the loss of a spirited and generous boy.

Knots of people are to be seen everywhere discussing the event, and the opinion generally expressed is that a firm stand should be taken against the rioters, and lawlessness signally punished in a section of the country where hitherto the rabble have ruled.


Document 39

Daily Telegraph, le 29 janvier 1875

GLOUCESTER!

Full Particulars of the Arrests and Killing.

THE SHERIFF'S OFFICERS REPEATEDLY FIRED UPON

(special to Daily Telegraph)

CARAQUET, Jan. 28.

Yesterday, about 3 o'clock, p.m., Deputy Sheriff Cable, with about twenty men, went to the house of Andrew Albert to arrest Charles Parrisay and Joseph Chiasson, under warrants issued by Stipendiary Magistrate McLauchlan. The Sheriff, with a few men, remained at Hon. Robert Young's house in charge of eight prisoners, viz.: --Joseph Leboutillier, Eloi Lantin, Gustave Lantin, John L. Paulin, Sarafan Albert, John Louis Cheasson, Gustave Gallian and Gervie Cheasson. A proper guard was kept in case of an attempt to rescue.

Before the Deputy Sheriff left, the Sheriff charged him that if Albert's doors were locked not to force in, and to run no risk, but to come back. On their arrival at Albert's the doors were not locked nor fastenated, and they entered. The house contains a room and a kitchen, which are separated by a thin partition, with a loft overhead.

Andrew Albert, John Louis Parrisay and two women were the only parties visible in the house.

Deputy Cable asked if Cheasson and Charles Parrisay were about the premises ; that he had warrants for their apprehension ; and he was answered they were not ; that there was no person in the house, except those already mentioned.

One of the Sheriff's party poked up some loose boards on the loft, when several shots were fired by parties in the loft, who immediatly replaced the boards.

There were two pots of boiling water on the stove. Mrs. Albert was seen to go with a tin kettle to the stove, apparently with the intention of filling the kettle. Ramsay, one of the party, said, ''Don't let her get hot water to throw at us !'' She had been talking very loud before this in an angry tone. The kettle was taken from her hands and the contents of the two pots were emptied out.

There was no ladder or stairs by which to get to the loft. A barrel stood against the wall at the west end of the building, underneath a small trap hole, and by this way an attempt was made to gain the loft. The party above threw a spinning wheel, rocks and sticks though this hole on the party below, according as they attempted to go up.

Henry Burbidge and Richard Sewell finally reached the loft, and were met by several shots fired by the rioters, which they narrowly escaped .

John Gifford, who followed immediatly after Birbidge and Sewell, had scarcely succeeded in getting his head through the trap hole above the loft when he received a shot in the forehead from one of the rioters, causing instant death, and he fell back into the arms of Harry Banister. The shot is supposed to have been fired by Prudent Albert, who was the first to jump down through the trap hole.

George Loggie, who had also gained the loft, went in with Sewell and Burbidge laid hold of the rioters and threw them down the trap, when they were seized below.

The parties arrested are Prudent Albert, John Louis Parrisay, Stanislaus Albert, Senaye Paulin, Joseph Cheasson, Moses Parrisay and Joseph Dugois.

The rioters fired about a dozen shots, one of which was fired through a hole at the end of the house at the Sheriff's men, but without effect.

The firing commenced in the loft by the mob, and the constables had to use fire-arms in self- defence.

After the affray was over Louis Mayon, Jr., was found mortally wounded from a ball that entered his forehead. He died at 7 o'clock last night.

Agapit Albert was also seriously wounded. He succeeded in effecting his escape. Albert's house seems to have been arranged to entrap the officers inside and then shoot them down.

The loft was piled up with boards on both sides, leaving a narrow passage in the middle, through which a deadly fire could constantly be poured on the officers.

The rioters fought like fiends, but the pluck and bravery of the sheriff's party, who made the arrests at great disadvantage at the risk of their lives, exceeded everything ever heard of.

The young man Gifford was much esteemed in Newcastle, where he belonged, and his death is deeply regretted.

There was great excitement in Newcastle when the news of his death reached his friends.

Sheriff Vail left at one o'clock this morning, with thirteen prisoners in charge, well guarded. It is not anticipated that any attempt will be made to arrest them.

The prisoners sent word to their friends [for] ''God's sake not to resist being arrested, as their case is hopeless.''

A large mob was reported last nignt at Gervais Paulin's house, who are determined to resist being arrested . The Sheriff's party here are determined to remain until matters are settled, and are anxious to have more assistance.

Gilbert Leboutillier sent word this morning that they were gathering a force to come and attack us to-day.

An inquest on the body of Gifford has been going on before Coroner Blackhall.

An inquest will also be held on the body of Myon to-day.


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Cette page a été préparée par:

Jacques Paul Couturier, Université de Moncton (Edmundston) courrier-e: jpcoutur@cuslm.ca